Archaeological dating bp
Evidence of temporary use during the Bronze Age was also discovered, while in modern times shepherds and other transient visitors occasionally occupied the cave right up to the time excavations began in 1987.The chronology of its prehistoric inhabitation has been established through more than 50 radiocarbon dates derived mostly from charcoal samples collected from the remains of hearths. the Theopetra Cave is also unique in Greece because its archaeological record spans two great moments in human history: the replacement of Neanderthals by modern humans (circa 30,000 years ago) and the shift in human subsistence from nomadic hunting and gathering to sedentary farming that marks the start of the Neolithic era.
The reported wall, constructed of dry masonry, extends across the cave?s mouth reducing the large opening by about two-thirds. s suggested date coincides with the last glacial period (circa 110,000-10,000 years ago) and indicates that the structure may have been built by Paleolithic inhabitants of the cave to protect themselves against the bitter cold.The Theopetra Cave, only open to the public since last September, has been the subject of systematic multidisciplinary archaeological excavations conducted since 1987 by Dr Nina Kyparissi-Apostolika, director of the Ephorate of Paleoanthropology and Speleology of Southern Greece.Middle Paleolithic sites are usually e associated with Neanderthals; an extinct species of human that was widely distributed in ice-age Europe between circa 120,000 and 35,000 years ago, with a receding forehead and prominent brow ridges.
In July 2015, an Iranian-French archaeological team headed by Hamed Vahdati-Nasab launched a new phase of excavation in the Middle Paleolithic site of Mirak.The ongoing investigation of the Theopetra Cave involves many different specialists, including archaeologists, geologists, paleobotanists and zooarchaeologists.The rich array of materials thus far recovered by these scientists consists of charcoal; stone tools; pottery; bone, stone and shell objects, including bracelets and beads; ceramic figurines and human remains in various burials dated to circa15000 BC, 9000 BC and 8000 BC.The unassuming remains of a stone wall that once partly closed off the entrance to the prehistoric Theopetra Cave near Kalambaka, Thessaly, have recently been dated by specialists to about 21000 BC, making it the oldest known man-made construction in Greece and likely the world, according to a statement on March 22, 2010, by the Greek Ministry of Culture and Tourism.